Publications

Yearbook of International Religious Demography
2014 
(Brill, 2014)

Co-edited by Brian Grim (Religious Freedom and Business Foundation), Todd Johnson (Center for the Study of Global Christianity), Vegard Skirbekk (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis), and Gina Zurlo (Center for the Study of Global Christianity), the Yearbook of International Demography provides an annual snapshot of the state of religious statistics around the world. Visit the Brill page for details, including a table of contents.

 


Some key findings:

  • In 2013, Asia had five times as many atheists and agnostics than Europe.
  • Muslims are expected to grow twice as fast from 2013 to 2030 in Africa as they are in Europe.
  • Protestantism and Catholicism are reported as likely independent predictors of fertility rates in Nigeria, with women from those traditions reporting lower rates of children ever born. Muslim women were more likely to report high fertility, early marriage and childbirth, and non-use of any modern contraceptives.
  • Christians in Europe are relatively old, with a median age of 41.7 years; among 25-44 year olds, 72% are Christian, compared to 84% of the 65+ population. Muslim age-relation in Europe goes the other way, since most Muslims are fairly recent migrants.
  • In Mongolia, both Buddhists and non-religious women experienced fertility decline in the early 1990s and 2000s; however, in the mid-2000s Buddhist women reached a lower level of fertility than those from non-religious households and have fewer children.
The World's Religions in Figures: An Introduction to International Religious Demography (Wiley-Blackwell,  2013)

Co-authored by Todd Johnson and Brian Grim (Pew Research Center Religion & Public Life Project), this unique introduction to international religious demography outlines the challenges in interpreting data on religious adherence, and presents a contemporary portrait of global religious belief. Visit the Wiley-Blackwell site for more information, including samples from the text.

 

  • Offers the first comprehensive overview of the field of international religious demography; detailing what we know about religious adherents around the world, and how we know it
  • Examines religious freedom and diversity, including agnostics and atheists, on a global scale, highlighting trends over the past 100 years and projecting estimates for the year 2050
  • Outlines the issues and challenges related to definitions, taxonomies, sources, analyses, and other techniques in interpreting data on religious adherence
  • Considers data from religious communities, censuses, surveys, and scholarly research, along with several in-depth case studies on the global Muslim population, religion in China, and the religious demography of recently created Sudan and South Sudan
  • Argues against the belief that the twentieth-century was a "secular" period by putting forward new evidence to the contrary
  • Provides resources for measuring both qualitatively and quantitatively important data on the world's religious situation in the twenty-first century
World Christian Database (Brill,  2007)

Designed for both the casual user and research scholar, the World Christian Database (WCD) is an online database containing comprehensive demographic statistics on global Christianity. Over 400 categories of information including religious adherents, Christian traditions and missions trends are available at the province, country, people group, language and city levels for the entire world.  The full-time staff at The Center for the Study of Global Christianity is dedicated to updating and maintaining the WCD. New information from thousands of sources is reviewed on a weekly basis to continually refine and improve the WCD.

Click here to visit the World Christian Database.

Click below for documents describing World Christian Database Sources and Methodology:

World Religion Database (Brill,  2008)

The World Religion Database (WRD), edited by Todd Johnson and Brian Grim, contains detailed statistics on religious affiliation for every country in the world. It is the major source to render a definitive picture of international religious demography. The WRD provides both current and historical data, as well as sophisticated forecasts of future developments. For each of the world’s religions, best estimates at multiple dates for the period 1900 to 2050 are given. The WRD also offers access to the sources which underlie the figures in the database, such as censuses and surveys. Through an interactive feedback mechanism users can leave comments on sources or methodology related to any figure reported in the WRD. The WRD is constantly updated with new sets of data as they become available, such as estimates of religious affiliation at the province level and religious freedom information for all countries in the world. No other database available today is as comprehensive. Click here for more information, or to access the World Religion Database

  • Global comparative figures for every major religion
  • Population and religious adherents for every country and United Nations region
  • Access to source material on religious affiliation (census and survey figures)
  • Breakdown of major religions into traditions (e.g., Sunni-Shi’as within Islam)
  • Multiple data points to compare growth rates (1900, 1950, 1970, 2000, 2005, 2025, 2050)
  • Feedback mechanism for users to comment on data, sources and methodology
  • Updated quarterly

Atlas of Global ChristianityAtlas of Global Christianity (Edinburgh University Press, 2009)

The Atlas of Global Christianity is a thorough visual reference of the changing status of global Christianity over the 100 years since the epoch-making ‘Edinburgh 1910’ World Missionary Conference. It is the first scholarly atlas to depict the twentieth-century shift of Christianity to the Global South. It is also the first to map Christian affiliation at the provincial level.

Click here to visit the Atlas website.
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World Christian EncyclopediaWorld Christian Encyclopedia (Oxford University Press, 2001)

First published in 1982, the World Christian Encyclopedia (WCE) immediately took its place as the authoritative, standard work in its field. The second edition’s oversized 1,700 pages represent the most extensive survey of Christianity, and of religion in general, ever attempted.  The heart of the WCE is a series of 238 chapters on the status of religion and of Christianity in every country in the world. Statistical tables show, in great detail, the religious breakdown of the population and the Christian denominations of every country. The second edition updated and extended this analysis to include the status of Christianity in every language, people, city and province of the world.

Click here to purchase.

World Christian TrendsWorld Christian Trends: Interpreting the Annual Christian Megacensus, AD 33-AD 2001 (William Carey Library, 2001)

A 952-page companion volume to the World Christian Encyclopedia, World Christian Trends (WCT) includes a first-ever empirical survey of Christian martyrdom, historical trends, future projections and finance. Included in this volume are a variety of charts, tables, and lists.

Click here to read an excerpt from World Christian Trends by Dr. David B. Barrett and Dr. Todd M. Johnson describing martyrdom through the Christian age.  This chapter was cited in the January 2011 issue of the International Bulletin of Missionary Research.

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20142013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2007

Johnson, Todd M., and Gina A. Zurlo. "Ongoing Exodus: Tracking the Emigration of Christians from the Middle East.Harvard Journal of Middle Eastern Politics and Policy III (2013-2014): 39-49.

Johnson, Todd M., and Gina A. Zurlo. "Christian Martyrdom as a Pervasive Phenomenon." Society. Published online 16 September 2014.

Johnson, Todd M., and Gina A. Zurlo. "The Holy Spirit and Global Christianity." In Holy Spirit: Unfinished Agenda, Johnson T.K. Lim, ed. (Armour Publishing, 2014).

Johnson, Todd M., and Gina A. Zurlo. "Global Christianity and Global Diasporas." In Global Diasporas and Mission, edited by Chandler H. Im and Among Yong. Oxford: Wipf & Stock, 2014.

Johnson, Todd M. "The Impact of Ralph Winter's Thinking on Missiological Research in India." India Church Growth Quarterly (March 2014).

Johnson, Todd M. "The Demographics of Religious Conversion." In Oxford Handbook of Religious Conversion, edited by Lewis Rambo and Charles Farhadian, 48-64. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Johnson, Todd M. "Counting Pentecostals Worldwide." Pneuma 36 (2014): 265-88.

Hickman, Albert W. "Global Survey of Theological Education." New Urban World Journal 3:1 (May 2014): 45-56.

Johnson, Todd M., and Peter F. Crossing. "Christianity 2014: Independent Christianity and Slum Dwellers." International Bulletin of Missionary Research 38, no. 1 (January 2014): 28-29.

Bellofatto, Gina A., and Todd M. Johnson. "Key Findings from Christianity in its Global Context, 1970-2020: Society, Religion, and Mission.International Bulletin of Missionary Research (July 2013).

Bellofatto, Gina A., and Todd M. Johnson. "Highlights of Christianity in its Global Context, 1970-2020: Society, Religion, and Mission." Lausanne Global Analysis (June 2013).

Hickman, Bert. "Urban Asian Christianity by the Numbers." The New Urban World Journal 2:2 (November 2013): 88-91.

Johnson, Todd and Brian Grim. The World’s Religions in Figures: An Introduction to International Religious Demography. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.

Johnson, Todd. “Worldwide adherents of all religions by six continental areas.” In 2013 Britannica book of the year. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 2013. 
 
Johnson, Todd. “Religious adherents in the United States of America.” In 2013 Britannica book of the year. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 2013. 
 
Johnson, Todd and P.F. Crossing. “Global survey of world mission.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research (January 2013). 
 

Bellofatto, Gina A. "People and Their Religions on the Move: Challenges and Opportunities of International Migration." Lausanne Global Analysis 1:1 (November 2012): 16-20.

Bellofatto, Gina A. "Religious Belief in the Year 2100." The Futurist 46:5 (September-October 2012).

Hickman, Bert. "The Urban World by the Numbers." The New Urban World Journal 1:1 (November 2012): 70-2.

Johnson, Todd, Rodney L. Petersen, Gina A. Bellofatto and Travis L. Myers, ed. 2010Boston: The Changing Contours of World Mission and Christianity. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2012.

Johnson, Todd. “The Demographics of World Mission and Christianity, 1910-2010.” In 2010Boston, edited by Todd Johnson et al., 3-12. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2012. 
 
Johnson, Todd. “The Demographics of Martyrdom.” In Sorrow and Blood, edited by William Taylor, 31-36. Pasadena: William Carey Library, 2012.
 
Johnson, Todd and Kenneth Ross. “Atlas of Global Christianity: Its Findings.” In Edinburgh 2010: Mission Today and Tomorrow, edited by Kirsteen Kim and Andrew Anderson, 191-200. Oxford: Regnum, 2011.
 
Johnson, Todd. “Global Statistics of the Catholic Charismatic Renewal.” In Then Peter Stood Up, by Oreste Pesare. Vatican City: Vatican Press, 2012. 
 
Johnson, Todd and Gina A. Bellofatto. “Migration, Religious Diasporas, and Religious Diversity: A Global Survey.” Mission Studies (2012).
 
Johnson, Todd. “Book Review.” Review of The Role of the American Board in the World: Bicentennial Reflections on the Organization’s Missionary Work, 1810-1010, edited by Clifford Putney & Paul T. Burlin. BTI Magazine 11:2, Spring 2012.
 
Johnson, Todd. “David Barrett’s Legacy.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research (January 2012). 
 
Johnson, Todd. “Saudi Arabia.” In Religion Past and Present, edited by Hans Dieter Betz. Leiden: Brill, 2006.
 
Johnson, Todd and Gina A. Bellofatto. “Status of the World Christian Movement.” In River of God, edited by Stephen Burris. Portland, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2012.
 
Johnson, Todd. “North American Missions from the Judsons to Global Christianity, 1812-2012” MissioNexus (February 2012): 7-9.
 
Johnson, Todd and LouAnn Stropoli. “Reflection and Research Methods.” Asia Missions Association newsletter (January 2012).
 
Johnson, Todd. “Global Demographics of Christianity.” Mission Maker Magazine (2012).
 
Johnson, Todd. “Worldwide adherents of all religions by six continental areas.” In 2012 Britannica book of the year. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012. 
 
Johnson, Todd. “Religious adherents in the United States of America.” In 2012 Britannica book of the year. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012. 
 
Johnson, Todd and Albert W. Hickman. “Religious Demography and Mission Strategy.” International Journal of Frontier Missiology 29:1 (2012): 13-21.
 
Johnson, Todd, D.B. Barrett and P.F. Crossing. “Global survey of world mission.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research (January 2012).
 
Bellofatto, Gina A. "Boston2010: A Global Mission Conference." Connections Magazine of the World Evangelical Alliance Mission Commission. 2011.
 
Coon, Bradley A., and Gina A. Bellofatto. "A Review of 2010Boston: The Changing Contours of World Mission and Christianity." Evangelical Missions Quarterly (April 2011).
 
Hickman, Albert W. "'Finishing the Task' of World Evangelization." Lausanne Global Briefing. 2011.
 
Johnson, Todd. “Atlas of Global Christianity and the Global Demographics of the Pentecostal/Charismatic Renewal.” In Interpretive Trends in Christian Revitalization for the Early Twenty First Century, edited by J. Steven O’Malley. Lexington, KY: Emeth Press, 2011.
 
Johnson, Todd and Brian Grim. “International Religious Demography: An Overview of Sources and Methodology.” In The Oxford Handbook of The Economics of Religion, edited by Rachel M. McCleary. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
 
Johnson, Todd. “Emerging Global Church.” In The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization Volume II, edited by George T. Kurian, 826-830. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
 
Johnson, Todd. “Historical Statistics of the Christian Church.” In The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization Volume IV, edited by George T. Kurian, 2601-2606. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.
 
Johnson, Todd, D.B. Barrett and P.F. Crossing. [maps]. Scale not given. In: Patrick Johnstone. The Future of the Global Church: History, Trends and Possibilities. Colorado Springs: Biblica, Inc., 2011.
 
Johnson, Todd, D.B. Barrett and P.F. Crossing. “Christianity 2011: Martyrs and the Resurgence of Religion.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research. (January 2011). 
 
Johnson, Todd. “Worldwide adherents of all religions by six continental areas, mid-2010.” In 2011 Britannica book of the year. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 2011. 
 
Johnson, Todd. “Religious adherents in the United States of America, AD 1900-2005.” In 2011 Britannica book of the year. Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica, 2011. 
 
Bellofatto, Gina A. "Evangelicals and Interfaith Dialogue: A New Paradigm." Lausanne World Pulse  (January/February 2010).
 
Bellofatto, Gina A. "Religion in the Occupied Territories." In Religions of the World, 2nd edition, ed. J. Gordon Melton and Martin Baumann. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. 2010.
 
Hickman, Albert W. "AD2000 and Beyond." In Religions of the World, 2nd edition, ed. J. Gordon Melton and Martin Baumann, 14-15. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. 2010.
 
Hickman, Albert W. "Lausanne Movement." In Religions of the World, 2nd edition, ed. J. Gordon Melton and Martin Baumann, 1693-6. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. 2010.
 
Hickman, Albert W. "Mountains." In Religions of the World, 2nd edition, ed. J. Gordon Melton and Martin Baumann, 1975-7. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. 2010.
 
Hickman, Albert W. "My Take: Violence Against Iraq's Christians is Nothing New." CNN Belief Blog. 12 November 2010.
 
Johnson, Todd. “Book Review.” Review of Boundless Faith: The Global Outreach of American Churches, by Robert Wuthnow. Church History 79:2, June 2010: 410-421.
 
Johnson, Todd. “Book Review.” Review of Christian Mission: How Christianity Became a World Religion, by Dana L. Robert. Church History 79:2, June 2010: 410-421.
 
Johnson, Todd. “Book Review.” Review of The New Shape of World Christianity: How American Experience Reflects Global Faith, by Mark A. Noll. Church History 79:2, June 2010: 410-421.
 
Johnson, Todd. “Globalization, Christian Identity, and Frontier Missions.” International Journal of Frontier Missiology 27:4 (Winter 2010): 165-169.
 
Johnson, Todd. “Christianity 2010: A View from the New Atlas of Global Christianity.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 34:1 (Jan 2010): 29-36.
 

Johnson, Todd.  "Seven Signposts of Hope and Challenge in Global Christianity."  Connections 5:1 (April 2007): 22–25.

 

Center for the Study of Global Christianity


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