Bauer, Walter. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (BDAG). 3rd ed. Translated by William Arndt and F. Wilbur Gingrich, rev. and edited by Frederick William Danker. Chicago: University of Chicago, 2000.
Description: The most basic lexicon that every student of the Bible should have. Even if one doesn’t know Greek, by taking the time to simply learn the Greek alphabet and cross-referencing with Strong’s Concordance, one should have no trouble finding this lexicon accessible.
Liddell, Henry George and Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Description: A more extensive lexicon that BDAG, Liddell-Scott can also be used for extra-biblical translation.
Louw, Johannes P. and Eugene A. Nida. eds. Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains. 2nd ed. 2 vols. New York: UBS, 1989.
Description: Louw and Nida take a fresh and unique approach in the way they arrange the lexical entries. They do not arrange them alphabetically (as is the norm for any lexicon), but according to the word’s meaning. The Lexicon includes an index volume with the listings of the words in Greek or English (which is helpful if you don’t know Greek!). Words are found near other words that have a similar semantic domain. This is very helpful for comparing and contrasting why a particular word was used within a certain context.
Mounce, William. The Analytical Lexicon to the Greek New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1993.
Description: This lexicon is very helpful to the beginning or intermediate Greek student (or occasionally even an advanced one!). It lists every inflected form of every word which occurs in the New Testament. The next time you come across a bizzarre form of a word that you can’t figure out, instead of pulling out your hair, look it up in this lexicon, and save yourself hours of time!
Kubo, Sakae. A Reader’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975.
Description: Not even most New Testament scholars have all of the vocabulary in the New Testament memorized. For anyone who wishes to read the New Testament in the Greek, this is a great book to have. Its lexical entries are arranged according to each book, chapter and verse in the New Testament, making reading the Greek New Testament, easier, faster and more enjoyable.