Historical Jesus - Robert E. Cooley Center for Early Christianity

Bibliography for Historical Jesus Studies

Allison, Dale J., Jr.  The Historical Christ and the Theological Jesus.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2009.



Bailey, Kenneth E.  Jesus Through Middle Eastern Eyes: Cultural Studies in the Gospels.  Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2008.



Barnett, Paul.  After Jesus. Vol. 3, Finding the Historical Christ.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2009.



________.  Jesus & the Rise of Early Christianity: A History of New Testament Times.  Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1999.



Bauckham, Richard.  Jesus and the Eyewitnesses: The Gospels as Eyewitness Testimony. 2nd ed.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2017.



Beilby, James K., and Paul Rhodes Eddy.  The Historical Jesus: Five Views.  Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2009.



Belcher, Richard P., Jr.  Prophet, Priest, and King: The Roles of Christ in the Bible and Our Roles Today.  New Jersey: P&R Publishing, 2016.



Bird, Michael F.  Are You The One Who Is To Come? The Historical Jesus and the Messianic Questions. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2009.



________.  The Eternal Son: Answering Adoptionist Christology.  Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2017.



Bivin, David.  New Light on the Difficult Words of Jesus: Insights from His Jewish Context.  Michigan: En-Gedi Resource Center, 2007.



Blomberg, Craig L.  Jesus and the Gospels: An Introduction and Survey.  2d ed.  Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 2009.



Bock, Darrel L.  Breaking the Da Vinci Code: Answers to the Questions Everyone’s Asking.  Nashville: Nelson Books, 2004.



________.  Jesus According to Scripture: Restoring the Portrait from the Gospels.  2d ed.  Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2016.



________., and Gregory J. Herrick.  Jesus in Context: Background Readings for Gospel Study.  Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2005.



________., J. Ed Komoszewski, eds.  Jesus, Skepticism, and the Problem of History: Criteria and Context in the Study of Christian Origins.  Grand Rapids: Zondervan Academic, 2019.



________., and Benjamin I. Simpson.  Jesus the God-Man: The Unity and Diversity of the Gospel Portrayals.  Ada: Baker Academic, 2016.



________., and Daniel B. Wallace.  Dethroning Jesus: Exposing Popular Culture’s Quest to Unseat the Biblical Christ. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2007.



Bond, Helen K.  The First Biography of Jesus: Genre and Meaning in Mark’s Gospel.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2020.



________.  Jesus: A Very Brief History.  London: SPCK, 2018.



Boyd, Gregory.  Cynic, Sage or Son of God: Recovering the Real Jesus in an Age of Revisionist Replies.  Wheaton: Victor Books, 1995.



Bowman, Robert M. Jr., and J. Ed Komoszewski.  Putting Jesus in His Place: The Case for the Deity of Christ.  Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2007.



Brandon, S.G.F.  Jesus and the Zealots.  New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1967.



Brown, Colin, and Craig A. Evans.   A History of the Quests for the Historical Jesus, Volume 1: From the Beginnings of Christianity to the End of World War II.  Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2022.


________.  A History of the Quests for the Historical Jesus, Volume 2: From the Post-War Era through Contemporary Debates.  Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2022.



Brown, Raymond E.  The Birth of the Messiah: A Commentary on the Infancy Narratives in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke. Updated Ed. New York: Doubleday, 1993.



________.  The Death of the Messiah: A Commentary on the Passion Narratives in the Four Gospels.  2 Vols.  New York: Doubleday, 1994.



Capes, David B.  The Divine Christ: Paul, the Lord Jesus, and the Scriptures of Israel.  Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2018.



________, Reeves, Rodney, and E. Randolph Richards.  Rediscovering Jesus: An Introduction to Biblical, Religious, and Cultural Perspectives on Christ.  Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2015.



Carey, Greg.  Sinners: Jesus and His Earliest Followers.  Waco: Baylor University Press, 2009.



Chapman, David W., and Eckhard J. Schnabel.  The Trial and Crucifixion of Jesus: Text and Commentary.  Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 2019.



Charlesworth, James H.  The Historical Jesus: An Essential Guide.  Nashville: Abingdon, 2008.



________., ed.  Jesus and Archaeology.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2006.



________., ed.  Jesus’ Jewishness: Exploring the Place of Jesus in Early Judaism.  New York: The Crossroad Publishing Company, 1997.



Comfort, Philip W., and Jason Driesbach.  The Many Gospels of Jesus: Sorting Out the Story of the Life of Jesus.  Carol Stream: Tyndale House, 2008.



Crowe, Brandon D.  The Last Adam: A Theology of the Obedient Life of Jesus in the Gospels.  Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2017.



Driver, Lisa D. Maugans.  Christ at the Center: The Early Christian Era.  The Westminster History of Christian Thought. Louisville: Westminister/John Knox Press, 2009.



Dunn, James D.G.  Jesus According to the New Testament.  Grand Rapids:  William B. Eerdmans, 2019.




________.  Jesus Remembered. Vol. 1, Christianity in the Making.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2003.


Ehrman, Bart D., Evans, Craig A., and Robert B. Stewart.  Can We Trust the Bible on the Historical Jesus?  Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2020.



Evans, Craig A.  Fabricating Jesus: How Modern Scholars Distort the Gospels.  Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2006.



________.  Jesus and the Manuscripts: What We Can Learn from the Oldest Texts.  Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 2020.



________., and N.T. Wright.  Jesus, the Final Days: What Really Happened.  Edited by Troy A. Miller.  Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2009.



Fitzmyer, Joseph A.  The One Who Is to Come.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2007.



Flusser, David and R. Steven Notley.  The Sage from Galilee: Rediscovering Jesus’ Genius.  4th ed.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2007.



Freyne, Sean.  Galilee, Jesus and the Gospels.  Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1998.



________.  Jesus, a Jewish Galilean: A New Reading of the Jesus Story.  London: T&T Clark, 2004.



________.  The Jesus Movement and Its Expansion: Meaning and Mission.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2014.



Garlow, James L., and Peter Jones.  Cracking Da Vinci’s Code: You’ve Read the Fiction, Now Read the Facts.  Colorado Springs: Cook, 2004.




Gaventa Beverly Roberts, and Richard B. Hays, ed.  Seeking the Identity of Jesus: A Pilgrimage.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2008.



Grant, Robert M.  Jesus After The Gospels: The Christ of the Second Century.  Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1990.



Habermas, Gary R.  The Secret of the Talpiot Tomb: Unravelling the Mystery of the Jesus Family Tomb.  Nashville: Holman Reference, 2007.




Hengel, Martin.  The Charismatic Leader and His Followers.  Trans. James Greig.  Oregon: Wipf & Stock, 1968.



________.  Crucifixion in the Ancient World and the Folly of the Message of the Cross.  Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1977.




________.  The Son of God: The Origin of Christology and the History of Jewish Hellenistic Religion.  Oregon: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 2007.




________.  Victory Over Violence & Was Jesus a Revolutionist?  Oregon: Wipf & Stock, 2003.




________.  The Zealots: Investigations into the Jewish Freedom Movement in the Period from Herod I Until 70 A.D.  Oxford: T. & T. Clark, 1997.



________, and Anna Maria Schwemer.  Jesus and Judaism.  Baylor-Mohr Siebeck Studies in Early Christianity.  Edited by Wayne Coppins and Simon Gathercole.  Translated by Wayne Coppins.  Waco: Baylor University Press, 2019.



Horsley, Richard A.  Jesus in Context: Power, People, & Performance.  Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2008.




________., and John S. Hanson.  Bandits, Prophets & Messiahs: Popular Movements in the Time of Jesus.  Harrisburg: Trinity Press, 1999.





Jenkins, Philip.  Hidden Gospels: How the Search for Jesus Lost Its Way.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.




Jones, Timothy Paul.  Misquoting Truth: A Guide to the Fallacies of Bart Ehrman’s Misquoting Jesus.  Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2007.



Keener, Craig S.  Christobiography: Memories, History, and the Reliability of the Gospels.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans. 2019.





________.  The Historical Jesus of the Gospels.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2012.



Kostenberger, Andreas J.  The Jesus of the Gospels: An Introduction.  Grand Rapids: Kregel Academic, 2020.



Licona, Michael R.  The Resurrection of Jesus: A New Historiographical Approach.  Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2010.




McKnight, Scot.  Jesus and His Death: Historiography, the Historical Jesus, and Atonement Theory.  Waco: Baylor University Press, 2006.




________.  A New Vision for Israel: The Teachings of Jesus in National Context.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1999.




Meier, John P.  A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus.  Vol. 1, The Roots of the Problem and the Person.  New York: Doubleday, 1991.




________.  A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus.  Vol. 2, Mentor, Message, and Miracles.  New York: Doubleday, 1994.




________.  A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus.  Vol. 3, Companions and Competitors.  New York: Doubleday, 2001.




________.  A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus.  Vol. 4, Law and Love.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.




________.  A Marginal Jew: Rethinking the Historical Jesus.  Vol. 5, Probing the Authenticity of the Parables.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2016.



Orr, Peter C.  Exalted Above the Heavens: The Risen and Ascended Christ.  New Studies in Biblical Theology.  Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2018.





Pitre, Brant.  The Case for Jesus: The Biblical and Historical Evidence for Christ.  New York: Image, 2016.




Powell, Mark Allan.  Jesus as a Figure in History: How Modern Historians View the Man from Galilee.  2d ed.  Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2013.



Quarles, Charles L.  Buried Hope or Risen Savior?: The Search for the Jesus Tomb.  Nashville: B&H Academic, 2008.




Rhodes, Paul Eddy and Gregory A. Boyd.  The Jesus Legend: A Case for the Historical Reliability of the Synoptic Jesus Tradition.  Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2007.




________.  Lord or Legend: Wrestling with the Jesus Dilemma.  Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2007.



Ritmeyer, Leen, and Kathleen Ritmeyer.  Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus.  Nashville: Abingdon, 2009.




Sausa, Don.  The Jesus Tomb: Is It Fact or Fiction? Scholars Chime In.  Fort Myers, FL: The Vision Press, 2007.




Schafer, Peter.  Jesus in the Talmud.  Princeton: Princeton University, 2007.




Schnabel, Eckhard.  Jesus in Jerusalem: The Last Days.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2018.



Schreiner, Patrick.  Matthew, Disciple and Scribe: The First Gospel and Its Portrait of Jesus.  Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2019.





Snodgrass, Klyne R.  Stories With Intent: A Comprehensive Guide to the Parables of Jesus.  2d ed.  Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2018.




Stanton, Graham.  The Gospels and Jesus. 2d ed. Oxford Bible Series, ed. P.R. Ackroyd and G. Stanton.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.




Stewart, Robert B.  The Resurrection of Jesus: John Dominic Crossan and N.T. Wright in Dialogue.  Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2006.



Strauss, Mark L.  Four Portraits, One Jesus, 2nd Edition: A Survey of Jesus and the Gospels.  Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2020.




________.   Jesus Behaving Badly: The Puzzling Paradoxes of the Man from GalileeDowners Grove:  InterVarsity Press, 2015.




Theissen, Gerd, and Annette Merz.  The Historical Jesus: A Comprehensive Guide.  Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1996.



Thiessen, Matthew.  Jesus and the Forces of Death: The Gospels’ Portrayal of Ritual Impurity Within First-Century Judaism.  Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2020.




Vermes, Geza.  Who’s Who in the Age of Jesus.  New York: Penguin 2005.




Williams, Peter J.  Can We Trust the Gospels?  Wheaton: Crossway, 2018.




Witherington, Ben, III.  Jesus, Paul and the End of the World: A Comparative Study in New Testament Eschatology.  Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1992.




________.  Jesus the Sage: The Pilgrimage of Wisdom.  Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1994.




________.  Jesus the Seer: The Progress of Prophecy.  Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 1999.




________.  The Gospel Code: Novel Claims About Jesus, Mary Magdalene and Da Vinci.  Downers Grove, InterVarsity Press, 2004.




________.  The Jesus Quest: The Third Search for the Jew of Nazareth.  Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1995.




________.  What Have They Done With Jesus? Beyond Strange Theories and Bad History – Why We Can Trust the Bible. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 2006.




Wright, N.T.  Christian Origins and the Question of God.  Vol. 2, Jesus and the Victory of God.  Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1996.




________.  The Day the Revolution Began: Reconsidering the Meaning of Jesus’ Crucifixion.  New York: HarperCollins, 2016.




________.  Judas and the Gospel of Jesus: Have We Missed the Truth about Christianity?  Grand Rapids: Baker, 2006.




________.  Christian Origins and the Question of God.  Vol. 3, The Resurrection of the Son of God.  Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003.




Young, Brad H.  Jesus the Jewish Theologian.  Peabody: Hendrickson, 1995.





________.  Meet the Rabbis: Rabbinic Thought and the Teachings of Jesus.  Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 2007.




Zetterholm, Magnus, ed.  The Messiah in Early Judaism and Christianity.  Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2007.