Dr. Aída Spencer - Gordon Conwell
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Dr. Aída Besançon Spencer

Senior Professor of New Testament


  • B.A. (Douglass College, Rutgers University)
  • M.Div., Th.M. (Princeton Theological Seminary)
  • Ph.D. (Southern Baptist Theological Seminary)

Featured Publications

Select List of Publications

  • Christian Egalitarian Leadership: Empowering the Whole Church According to the Scriptures. Edited with William David Spencer. House of Prisca and Aquila Series. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, forthcoming.
  • 2 Corinthians. Latinx Perspectives on the New Testament. Lanham, Md: Lexington Press, forthcoming.
  • A Commentary on James. Kregel Exegetical Library. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2020.
  • “Must Christian Women Be Silent? What the Bible Teaches about Women in Ministry.” Africanus Journal 12(1) (2020): 24-37.
  • Cave of Little Faces (co-authored with William David Spencer). House of Prisca and Aquila Series. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2018.
  • “Understanding the Relationship between Grace and Works: Ephesians 2:8-10 and John Calvin.” Pages 86-94 in Reformation Celebration: The Significance of Scripture, Grace, Faith, and Christ. Edited by Gordon L. Isaac and Eckhard J. Schnabel. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2018.
  • “Biblical Equity and the Meaning of Servant Leadership.” Pages 109-122 in The Quest for Gender Equity in Leadership: Biblical Teachings on Gender Equity and Illustrations of Transformation in Africa. Edited by KeumJu Jewel Hyun and Diphus C. Chemorion. House of Prisca and Aquila Series. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2016.
  • “Toppling the Silent Idol: Assessing Greed as Part of an Idolatrous Meta-System and Promoting Holiness as an Antidote to Greed.” Africanus Journal 7(2) (2015): 29-47.
  • “Evangelicals and Gender.” Pages 112-119 in Evangelicals around the World: A Global Handbook for the 21st Century. Edited by Brian Stiller, Todd M. Johnson, Karen Stiller, and Mark Hutchinson. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2015.
  • 2 Timothy and Titus: A New Covenant Commentary. NCCS. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2014.
  • “From Artemis to Mary: Misplaced Veneration versus True Worship of Jesus in the Latino/a Context.” Pages 123-140 in Jesus without Borders: Christology in the Majority World. Edited by Gene L. Green, Stephen T. Pardue, and K. K. Yeo.  Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2014.
  • “Position Reversal and Hope for the Oppressed.” Pages 95-106 in Latino/a Biblical Hermeneutics: Problematics, Objectives, Strategies. Semeia Studies. Edited by Francisco Lozada Jr. and Fernando F. Segovia. Atlanta: SBL Press, 2014.
  • 1 Timothy: A New Covenant Commentary. NCCS. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2013.
  • Reaching for the New Jerusalem: A Biblical and Theological Framework for the City. Co-edited with William David Spencer and Seong Hyun Park. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2013.
  • Más Allá de la Maldición: Mujeres Llamadas al MinisterioEugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2012.
  • Marriage at the Crossroads: Couples in Conversation About Discipleship, Gender Roles, Decision Making and Intimacy (co-authored with William David Spencer, Steven Tracy, and Celestia Tracy). Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2010.
  • “Seven Principles for the Seventh Day.” Pages 155-163 in Sunday, Sabbath and the Weekend: Managing Time in a Global Culture. Edited by Edward O’Flaherty, Rodney L. Petersen, and Timothy A. Norton. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2010.
  • “How a Man Can Help His Wife Become the Person God Intended.” Pages 89-99 in Some Men Are Our Heroes: Stories by Women about the Men Who Have Greatly Influenced Their Lives. Edited by KeumJu Jewel Hyun and Cynthia Davis Lathrop. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2010.
  • “’Parallelomania’ and God’s Unique Revelation.” Africanus Journal 1(1) (2009): 32-40.
  • Global Voices on Biblical Equality: Women and Men Ministering Together in the Church. Co-edited with William David Spencer and Mimi Haddad. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2008.
  • 2 Corinthians: A Guide for Reflection and Prayer. Daily Bible Commentary. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2007.
  • “The Denial of the Good News and the Ending of Mark.” Bulletin of Biblical Research 17 (2007): 269-83.
  • “El Hogar as Ministry Team: Stephana(s) Household.” In Hispanic Christian Thought at the Dawn of the 21st Century: Apuntes in Honor of Justo L. González.  Edited by Alvin Padilla, Roberto Goizueta, Eldin Villafañe. Nashville: Abingdon, 2005.
  • “My Journey as a Latin American Feminist New Testament Scholar.” Pages 115-129 in Feminist New Testament Studies: Global and Future Perspectives. Ed. K. Ο΄Βrien Wicker, A. Spencer Miller, Musa W. Dube. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
  • “Jesus’ Treatment of Women in the Gospels.” Pages 126-141 in Discovering Biblical Equality: Complementarity without Hierarchy. Edited by Ronald W. Pierce, Rebecca Merrill Groothius, and Gordon Fee. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2004.
  • “The Translation Issues in the Gender Inclusive Controversy.” Journal of Religious and Theological Information 6 (2003): 11-23.
  • The Latino Heritage Bible (editor). Iowa Falls, IA: World Bible, 2002.
  • 1 Peter (co-authored with C.C. Kroeger). Pages 780-791 in The IVP Women’s Bible Commentary. Edited by Catherine Clark Kroeger and Mary L. Evans. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2002.
  • 2 Corinthians.  The People’s Bible Commentary. Oxford: Bible Reading Fellowship, 2001; Repr. as Daily Bible Commentary. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2007.
  • The Global God: Multicultural Evangelical Views of God. Co-edited with William David Spencer. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 1998.
  • God through the Looking Glass: Glimpses from the Arts. Co-edited with William David Spencer. Grand Rapids: Baker Books; Carlisle, UK: Paternoster Press, 1998.
  • Paul’s Literary Style: A Stylistic Comparison of II Corinthians 11:16-12:13, Romans 8:9-39, and Philippians 3:2-4:13. Lanham, MD; Plymouthy, UK: University Press of America, 1998.
  • “Father-Ruler: The Meaning of the Metaphor ‘Father’ for God in the Bible.” JETS 39 (1996): 433-442.
  • The Goddess Revival: A Biblical Response to God(dess) Spirituality (co-authored with Donna F. G. Hailson, Catherine Clark Kroeger and William David Spencer). Grand Rapids: Baker, 1995; repr. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock 2010. [1996 Christianity Today Book Award winner]
  • Joy Through the Night: Biblical Resources on Suffering (co-authored with William David Spencer). Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1994; repr. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2007.
  • The Prayer Life of Jesus: Shout of Agony, Revelation of Love, a Commentary (co-authored with William David Spencer). Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1990.
  • 2 Corinthians (co-authored with William David Spencer). Bible Study Commentary Series. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1989.
  • “The Function of the Miserific and Beatific Images in the Letter of James.” Evangelical Journal 7 (Spring 1989), 3-14.
  • Beyond the Curse: Women Called to Ministry. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1985; Grand Rapids: Baker 2010. [Also published in French and made the 1986 Eternity Book of the Year list]
  • “Eve at Ephesus: Should women be ordained as pastors according to the First Letter of Timothy 2:11-15?” JETS 17 (1974), 215-22.

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